Himmler, Heinrich

   Nazi; leader of the Schutzstaffeln (SS). Born in Munich, he was the well-bred Catholic* son of a school head-master. He enlisted in the navy in 1917 and, despite poor health, achieved the rank of ensign by war s end. In 1919 he joined a Freikorps* unit in Bavaria.* After completing studies in agronomy, he joined the NSDAP in August 1923 and participated in the Beerhall Putsch* as Ernst Rohm's* standard-bearer. His romantic nationalism and budding anti-Semitism* led him to break with Ca-tholicism in 1924.
   Although Himmler dropped his NSDAP membership after the putsch, he re-tained his Nazi connections, worked as Gregor Strasser s* personal secretary in 1924, and rejoined the Party in 1925. Middling positions as deputy Gauleiter of Lower Bavaria (1925) and Upper Bavaria (1926) and as Munich s propaganda chief gave slight evidence of his coming renown. He was working as a poultry farmer* when he was appointed head of the SS in January 1929, thus launching a career that made him one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich.
   In January 1929 the SS was a small unit attached to the SA.* Himmler dem-onstrated his talents by expanding it to 50,000 by 1933. Meanwhile, as Munich s police chief, he founded the first concentration camp in early 1933 at Dachau. The SS remained subordinate to the SA until it was declared independent soon after the June 1934 Rohm purge. Over the next eleven years Himmler expanded its role, absorbed the Gestapo, and evolved a Party security unit (Sicherheits-dienst, SD). His creation terrorized the state and was responsible for the whole-sale murder of Jews,* Gypsies, socialists, Communists, and partisans. Captured by the British in 1945, Himmler took cyanide before he could be interrogated.
   REFERENCES:Breitman, Architect ofGenocide; NDB, vol. 9; Bradley Smith, Heinrich Himmler; Ziegler, Nazi Germany's New Aristocracy.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HIMMLER, HEINRICH° — (1900–1945), Nazi leader and one of Hitler s principal lieutenants. Son of a Bavarian school teacher, Himmler received military training in 1918 but never participated in military action during WWI. After the war he studied agriculture, was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Himmler, Heinrich —   Einer der mächtigsten Männer in der Führungsspitze des Dritten Reiches war der Reichsführer SS und Chef der deutschen Polizei Heinrich Himmler. Geboren in München am 7. Oktober 1900 als Sohn eines Gymnasialdirektors wuchs Himmler in einem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Himmler, Heinrich — born Oct. 7, 1900, Munich, Ger. died May 23, 1945, Lüneburg German Nazi police administrator who became the second most powerful man in the Third Reich. He joined the Nazi Party in 1925 and rose to become head of Adolf Hitler s SS. He was put in… …   Universalium

  • Himmler, Heinrich — (1900–1945)    Himmler, as head of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and chief of the Gestapo, was responsible for constructing the Nazi terror state. A veteran of the failed Hitler beer hall putsch in 1923, Himmler joined the SS in 1925, and became its… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Himmler, Heinrich — ► (1900 45) Político alemán. Fue jefe de las secciones de Asalto (1929), de la Gestapo (1934) y de la policía alemana (1936). Como ministro del Interior (1943) fue el responsable de la aniquilación de millares de judíos. * * * (7 oct. 1900,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Himmler,Heinrich — Himm·ler (hĭmʹlər), Heinrich. 1900 1945. German Nazi leader. Second in power to Hitler, he directed the Nazi elite forces, the SS (1929 1945); commanded the Third Reich s police and secret police, the Gestapo (1936 1945); and coordinated the… …   Universalium

  • Himmler, Heinrich —  (1900–1945) Nazi leader …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Himmler — Himmler, Heinrich …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinrich Himmler — Naissance 7 octobre 1900 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Himmler — Heinrich Himmler Heinrich Himmler Naissance 7 octobre 1900 Munich, Allemagne Décès 23 mai 1945, (à 44 ans) …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.